Revista Médica de Chile, Vol 137, No 2 (2009)

Tamaño de la letra:  Pequeña  Mediana  Grande

EVALUACIÓN DE LA CALIDAD DE VIDA EN PACIENTES EN HEMODIÁLISIS CRÓNICA CON EL CUESTIONARIO KIDNEY DISEASE QUALITY OF LIFE (KDQOL-36)

Carlos Zúñiga, Juan Dapueto, Hans Müller, Lilian Kirsten, Raquel Alid Alid, Liliana Ortiz

Resumen


Background: The Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients on chronic hemodialysis (CHD) is an important issue affecting mortality, morbidity outcomes and treatment compliance. Aim: To assess and to quantify the HRQOL in a group of patients on CHD, identifying the effect of biomedical and social-demography variables. Patients and methods: A cross-sectional multicenter study was carried out with 224 patients from five CHD units (3 privates and 2 publics) in BioBio Region, using the KDQOL-36 questionnaire and the scale of Karnofsky. The scores oscillate from 0 to 100, with higher values representing better HRQOL. Results: The KDQOL-36 scores Physical and Mental Component Summary and Symptoms, the Effect and the Burden of kidney disease subscales had smaller scores than 50 (referential value), in 80%, 61%, 8%, 43% and 80% of the evaluations, respectively. The lower scores were observed in patients with diabetes, coronary disease, hypoalbuminemia, creatininemia under 9.4 mg/dL, age ? 55 years and in those with low economic and educational levels (p


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